A scientist and engineer who pioneered much of the basic technology of modern rockets. In 1926, he launched the first liquid-fueled rocket. Over the years, Goddard developed the basic technology for rocket engines, ways to keep a rocket stable, and many other technologies that are still in use today. He was awarded more than 200 patents, many of them after his death in 1945. Goddard was reclusive, however, so much of his work was overlooked at the time and was later duplicated by other engineers.